LIFE SPAN: 30 Years
EARS: Keen
EYES: Weak
MATURITY: 8-9 Years
WEIGHT: 2,000 - 2,600 LBS
NOSE: Buffalo's Grass Locating and Danger Warning Instrument
JUMPING ABILITY: 6 Feet
SPEED: 35 Miles Per Hour with more stamina than a Horse.
SIZE: 10 Feet in Length, 6 Feet in Height



Kris and Russ Miller, Ted Turner'
s Ranch Manager.
Taken at the Canadian Bison Association annual meeting in Regina.








Buffalo calves are born during April, May or June, although births have been recorded in all months.
The newborn buffalo is reddish in color and in about 3 months sheds and replaces it with a dark brown adult coat.
Calves weigh between 50-60 pounds at birth and grows rapidly weighing about 500 to 600 pounds at the age of one year.
The cows growth period is between six and seven years, and will grow to weigh near 1000 pounds.
Cows usually mate when two years old and bear their first calf at three years old.
It is rare for a cow to give birth to more than one calf.
Cows at thirty-six years old have been known to produce strong, well-developed calves.
The gestation period is between 270 and 280 days.

Bulls growth period is between nine or ten years old and are extremely large, and will weigh up to 2,600 pounds.

The average bull weighs 2,600 pounds.
Bulls reach active breeding at about age three years old but are not fully mature until nine years old.

The normal life span of a buffalo is from twenty to twenty five years but some individuals have lived thirty or more years.





Buffalo reach puberty a year later than cattle, hence drop their first calf a year later, usually at the age of three.
Mating begins in mid June and builds to a climax in late July. In Northern Canada, breeding progresses later around mid August.
Although nature supplies a bull for ever heifer calf, a working ratio of 1:10 is best in a large herd.
When a cow goes in heat, it lasts about two days and if the cow does not conceive, she comes back into heat in about three weeks.
When buffalo are confined or semi domesticated, there are records of births in all months.





Buffalo eat grass, weeds, hay and grain.
They are less picky and will eat some forbs that cattle won't.
Buffalo will not over eat even if they have access to something they like a lot.
Buffalo prefer coarser and finer grasses than cattle do.
Buffalo require a good supply of water and salt and it should be kept available at all times.
Buffalo require one acre per head in the humid east to 100 acres per head in the arid west.
Pasture rotation reduces parasites re-infestation and will promote grass and production and this makes for better forage.
Management should allow for enough acreage so that plenty of sun ripened grass will stand above the snow to carry through the winter.
The method is to rotate pastures leaving one for winter grazing, leaving the buffalo there until late spring so summer pastures have a good head start.
Large ranches with lots of land keep three or four seasonal pastures and reserve a pasture for hay.





Northern Buffalo Ranch Believes That Their Bison Should Roam Free Upon The Range,
And Does NOT Feedlot Their Buffalo.
Prior to slaughtering buffalo, the buffalo are brought into a feed lot.
This is to ensure maximum weight gain for maximum profit.
The buffalo are kept in the feed lot up to 90 days. This is best for putting a prime finish on the buffalo and producing tasty meat.
Feeding is done best during the cooler months rather than when it is warmer as the buffalo do not do as well in the heat.
Finish feeding makes the meat more tender, juicy and flavorsome.
Butchering of two or three year old animals generally produces tender meat of better flavor than the older ones.
Although older, fatter individuals may produce meat of high quality.

The average dressed weight of buffalo is 500 pounds and the larger bulls around 800 pounds.





Adult Bison

Buffalo meat is a prime source of many essential nutrients in our diet.
It is both high in quality and quantity of protein (28% to 35%). It is also low in fat (.8% to 5%).
It contains all the essential animo acids necessary to build, maintain, and repair body tissues, and strengthen the defense mechanism against infection and disease.
Buffalo meat contains a good amount of B vitamins, which help make better use of other nutrients and are essential for good vision and clear eyes, appetite, healthy skin and nervous system.
Buffalo meat also contains many minerals, the most important being iron.
Buffalo meat also tends to have a high percentage of copper.
When buffalo meat and other meats are included in the diet, we are less likely to become tired, irritable or hungry.
It is one of the most completely digestible and utilized foods. It satisfies!
Whatever cut of buffalo or regular beef you choose, you can be sure of outstanding nutritive values.

Because buffalo meat is low in fat, and because cholesterol content of red meats is partly dependent upon fat percentage, buffalo meat is found to be rather low in cholesterol.

Most red meats also tend to produce a low stimulus reactions with allergy patients, therefore it can be a beneficial addition to these people's diets.

Weight Watchers' Organization also has put buffalo meat on it's "legal food" list. Here's a food for all dieters!





All meat, regardless of grade, must be inspected and certified fit for human consumption by Federal meat inspectors at the packing plant.
Buffalo meat has been graded "A1", which is the top of the line animal.



BEEF AND BUFFALO MEAT COMPARISON

  BEEF BUFFALO
Muscle Color red cherry red
Muscle Texture connective tissue evident fine texture
Fat Color pinkish creamy
Bone Color grayish pinkish
Texture: coarse hard

Do you know how many calories are in an ounce of Buffalo?

BEEF
WATER - 44%
PROTEIN - 24%
FAT - 27.9%
BEEF - 99 calories per ounce
BUFFALO
WATER - 63%
PROTEIN - 35%
FAT - 2.8%
BUFFALO - 47 calories per ounce

There's no such thing as tough Buffalo, if it's cooked right. Buffalo is a tender high protein and low cholesterol health food, both for at home cooking at at the restaurant and hotel.



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